PROPERTY INSURER INVOKING APPRAISAL UNDER PROPERTY INSURANCE POLICY

shutterstock_398442106Property insurance policies routinely contain an appraisal provision.   The provision may read something to the effect:

 

 

 

If you and we fail to agree on the amount of loss, either may request an appraisal of the loss. However, both parties must agree to the appraisal. In this event, each party will choose a competent and impartial appraiser within 20 days after receiving a written request from the other. . . . If they fail to agree, they will submit their differences to the umpire. A decision agreed to by any two will set the amount of the loss.

 

Safepoint Insur. Co. v. Gomez, 44 Fla.L.Weekly D239b (Fla. 3d DCA 2019).

 

In Safepoint, the Third District Court of Appeal maintained if the property insurer invokes appraisal, it waives the right to subsequently demand compliance with post-loss conditions in the policy as a condition precedent to that appraisal.  (“‘Appraisal exists for a limited purpose – the determination of the amount of loss.’” By invoking appraisal pursuant to the terms of the insurance policy, Safepoint [insurer] waived the requirement of compliance with post-loss obligations as a condition precedent to that appraisal.”)  Safepoint, supra (internal citation omitted). 

 

In Safepoint, the insured (policyholder) submitted a property insurance claim.  The insurer sent payment for the covered loss, but the amount of payment was disputed.  As a result, the insurer invoked the appraisal process in the property insurance policy, and the insured agreed.  As the appraisal process was underway and an umpire selected, the insurer sent a letter to the insured demanding a sworn statement in proof of loss, examinations under oath, and additional documentation—post-loss requirements of the insured in the insurance policy.  The insured did not comply and the insurer used this non-compliance as an excuse to deny the claim.  This prompted the insured to file a breach of contract lawsuit against the insurer and move to compel the insurer to complete the appraisal process that it invoked. The trial court agreed, as affirmed by the Third District.  The insurer could not refuse to complete the appraisal process that it invoked by thereafter requiring the insured to comply with post-loss conditions in the policy.

 

Please contact David Adelstein at dadelstein@gmail.com or (954) 361-4720 if you have questions or would like more information regarding this article. You can follow David Adelstein on Twitter @DavidAdelstein1.

 

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